Located just 20km from Mathura,Bharatpur was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733, once the capital of Jat Kingdom ruled by Sinsinwar Maharajas. In fact, this land of the Jats has its own historical significance and tells many stories of braveries against the attacks by Mughals and the British. The area is also famous for the forts, palaces and the Mughal and Rajput architecture visible almost everywhere. The Land, its people and the architecture tell an impassive story about these fighters who survived and flourished in these hostile conditions.
Places of attraction Bharatpur are...
Keoladeo Ghana Bird Sanctuary
The Bird Sanctuary plays host to the most amazing and unbelievable variety of feathered ambassadors across the globe(including Siberian crane) The Keoladeo itself is only 30 odd sq km. However the well-traversed treks can be covered on a hired rickshaws. The Rickshaw pullers are an amazing bunch of characters and are renowned for their knowledge on birds. It is also recommended to avail the boat trip in early morning or late evening along with a pair of binoculars. More than 400 genus of birds, mammals and reptiles wander comfortably within the protected zones of this park. The onset of winter witnesses an exodus of migratory birds from all over world. These guests enjoy the hospitality of the Park from August to February. Visitors are varied and yet stay for one common cause, survival. The Spanish Sparrow, Coot Snipes, Rosy Pelican, Flamingo, Red Crested Porhard and the Siberian cranes flock the Park during this season. More than 45,000 trees and the stretch of marshy land also create a conducive environment for Spotted Deer, Sambhars, Pythons, Blue Bull, Black Buck, Jackals and Monitor Lizards.
Lohagarh Fort (Iron fort) got its name from its invincibility wherein it withstood repeated attempts by the British to conquer it. Constructed by the Bharatpur Jat ruler King Suraj Mal in the early 18th century Lohagarh is considered to be one of the strongest fort ever built in Indian history. The Lohagarh fort scores a little less on lavishness and splendor but makes up the same with the highly creative defense system that protected it every time. The monuments of Kishori and Moti Mahal and Kothi Khas are worth spending time in. The towers of Jawahar and Fateh Burj were constructed inside the fort for commemorating the victories over Mughals and British. The Ashtadhatu (eight-metals) gateway is work of great artmanship displaying paintings of huge elephants. The moat surrounding the fort thwarted at least 4 British attempts to lay siege to the fort. The gardens in the fort are beautiful and stand testimony to the artistic and aesthetic nature of the rulers.
The Bharatpur Museum is situated in the premise of The famous Lohagarh Fort, along with its rich treasure of archaeological wealth. The palatial building once known as the Kachahari kalan, (an Administrative block of Bharatpur state) was converted into a Museum in 1944 AD. Later other parts of the building were also attached to the museum The exhibits include excavated sculptures from old villages of Mallah, Bayana, Bareh, etc. The artifacts are from the Ist century A.D. (Kushan period) to 19th century A.D. The museum displays an array of paintings, zoological specimens, local art and manuscripts in full glory. The miniature peepal leave and mica paintings are a treat to watch. Weaponry of the Rajput warriors is also on display in 'Chaddra'. It is worth remembering that the museum welcome visitors only between 1000hr to 1630hr every day except Fridays and gazetted holidays.
Deeg used to be the capital of the Jats during the 18th century. The Deeg Fortress constructed in the early 18th century is square is constructed on a raised ground. the Fort is surrounded by a wide shallow moat. The Fortress wall completes the peripheral distance of almost 7.8 Km. Permitting entry only through the 10 gateways and strengthened by 72 bastions the fort could withstand cannon strikes as its gateway bore the thuds of white elephants. The Fort plays host to a dozen massive towers which housed several cannons which could shoot targets at a large distance accurately. The Suraj Mal Haveli inside the fortress displays typical Bengali curved bamboo roof, said to be imported by a Bengali architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya from Jaipur.