An ancient city whose origins fade into the mists of history, Mathura's strategic location at the cross roads of various trade routes - that went westwards to West Asia and the Roman Empire; northwards, via Taxila, Pushkalavati and Purushapur to Central Asia and the Silk Route and eastwards to China - ensured its position as a center of trade and a meeting point for varied cultures.
By the fifth century BC, during the time of Buddha, it was a major metropolis and the capital of the Surasena kingdom - one of the 16 Mahajanapadas of the period. Mathura saw its `golden age' during the rule of the Kushanas and the able governance of rulers like Kanishka, Huvishka, and Vasishka, when the arts flourished and economic wealth grew. It remained a center of power during the Mauryan period, through the enlightened rule of Emperor Ashoka to the Gupta era (4th century AD). The main places of attraction in Mathura are...
Shri Krishna Janmabhumi
Sri Krishna Janmabhoomi temple is the most sought after devout centers in Mathura. Its predominance over the other holy spots are due to the belief that the temple stands on the same place where lord Krishna was born to Devaki and Vasudev. Numerous articles excavated from the site bare testimony to the legendary story of Sri Krishna’a birth.
This Temple is not only an important temple of Mathura but also of India. Built in 1814, this Temple is situated in the heart of the city of Mathura. Janmbhoomi Temple that is currently managed by the followers of the Vallabhacharya sect is the most visited temple in Mathura. Located in the eastern part of Mathura, not far from the Yamuna River, the temple is architecturaly very interesting.
The Dvarkadhish Temple, built in 1814, is a popular temple in the center of Mathura town. This is the most visited temple in the center of Mathura and is managed by followers of Vallabhacarya. Once you enter this temple from the street, it is fairly interesting architecturally. It is located in the eastern part of Mathura, not far from the Yamuna River. The temple is a hub of activity during the festive days of Holi, Janmashtami and Divali
As the name symbolizes Gita Mandir is a holy shrine where the entire text of Gita has inscribed on its precincts. This has become the most sought after tourist places in and around Mathura. The business tycoons of India The Birla group had built this stunning mandir. The temple architecture encompasses excellent craftsmanship with exquisite paintings and carvings. Sanctum of the temple is ornamented with a lovely idol of lord Krishna who is escorted by Lakshmi Narayana, Ram and Sita. Throughout the week the temple is open for poojas and during Holi and Janmashtami celebrations, the temple premises presents marvelous decorations.
Among the twenty five ghats in Mathura Vishram ghat acquires predominant position. Customary circumambulation of all the holy spots in Mathura begins and ends here at Vishram Ghat. Since the entire city is embellished with the fabulous tales of lord Krishna, Vishram Ghat is not an exception. Legend says that it was here that the lord took rest after killing Kamsa. The Vishram Ghat is surrounded with handsome temples such as the Neelkantheshwar Temple, Mukut Temple, Radha-Damodar Temple, Yamuna-Krishna Temple, Langali Hanuman Temple Narasimha temples and Murli Manohar Temple. One of the haunting sights that should not be missed is the aarti at the Vishram Ghat in each evening. Small oil lamps that glide on the river set the docile water sparkling and the reflection of thousands of glistening lights on the sinuous brook set a marvelous spectacle.
Constructed by Nabir -Khan the then Governor of Aurangzeb in the year 1661, Juma Masjid in Mathura gives a spellbound look with its intricately decorated four minarets. It is amazing to see that the mosaic plastering of these lofty structures still hold its vibrancy and charm. The structural design and architectural excellence of the holy shrine is incomparable. Situated adjacent to the Janmabhoomi temple complex, the impressive formation of the Jama Masjid creates a deep-seated intuition on the mind. This Masjid witnesses large turnout of devotees on all days and at the same time it happens to be a popular tourist attraction in Mathura now a days.
Mathura is famed for its great contribution in the field of arts and a special school of arts by name Mathura School originates from this legendary place. The Mathura Museum exposes some of the unique artifacts of Mathura school and it turns to be the most popular tourist destinations in the city. Established in the year 1874, this museum is a best podium for those who love to do research works in the field of art. Formerly called as the Curzon Museum, this Museum reflects the rich cultural heritage of the city at its true colour. This octagonal shaped building with red sand stone looks fabulously amazing. Among the various artifacts fine sculpture of Kushanas, gold, copper and silver coins, terracotta works , clay models, ancient pottery and paintings needs special mention. Statue of mother goddesses, statue of King Vima Kadphises sat on a lion throne and plates of the Sunga period are the other exceptional items on display.
Shri Jambu Swami Nirvan Sthal Digamber Jain Mandir Chaurasi
This is the famous temple of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami. Radharamana means "one who gives pleasure to Radha". It is one of the many names of Lord Krishna. The seva puja of Radharamana was established in 1542, after the Deity self-manifested from a salagram-sila on the full moon day of Vaisakha (April/May). This event is celebrated every year by bathing the Deity with 100 liters of milk and other auspicious items. The remnants of this abhiseka (bathing) are like nectar. Gopal Bhatta Gosvami's other shalagram-shilas are worshiped on the altar here. The appearance place of Sri Radharaman Deity is next to the temple. Radharamanji is one of the few original Deities of the Gosvamis still in Vrindavan. The standard of worship is very high.
Also kept in this temple is the wooden sitting place (hoki) and shawl (chaddar) or Lord Caitanya that He gave as a gift to Gopala Bhatta Gosvami. There is no Deity of Radharani in this temple, but a crown is kept next to Krishna signifying Her presence. Gopal Bhatta's samadhi is located here. The fires for cooking in the temple kitchen have been burning continuously since the Deity was installed over 460 years ago and the cooking still follows cookbooks from that time
The Gayatri Tapobhoomi in Mathura, India was established by Pundit Shriram Sharma Acharya (Gurudev) in 1950 at the conclusion of his 24 Gayatri Mahapurasharan, or recitations of 240,000 Gayatri Mantras per year. The Gayatri Tapobhoomi was the Tapasthali (Place of Penance) of Pundit Shriram Sharma Acharya.
Jai Gurudev Naam Yog Sadhna Temple
Located at the national highway 2, Jai Gurudev Temple ( also known as Yog Sadhna Temple ) gives an impression of Taj Mahal look alike.
The temple was constructed as a remeberance of Baba Jai Gurudev's guru ji(pandit ghurelal sharma ji) , Jai Gurudev dedicated the temple and the annual festival to the guru he followed in earlier life: Ghurelal Ji Maharaj, popularly known as 'Dada Guru'.
Mathura is the only Destination on the planet Earth which witnesses unprecedented vibrancy of culture & colours during Holi Period. So enjoy the Brij Holi, Mathura Holi 2015, Barsana Holi, Gokul Holi and other places holi fo whole month, Week Long Events at multiple locations mesmerizes the soul who happens to be lucky enough to witness as an audience or participant.Every Year International TV teams, Celebrated Dignitaries, Photographers, & Tourists from all continents are among the list of Visitors.Latha Maar Holi at Barsana, Repulsive action at Nandgaon the next Day.Festivities at Krishna Birth place a day later, Falen ki Holi when a priest crosses the Wild fire Bare foot & bare bodied & lastly the Dauji Huranga which puts Rainbow to Shame.At Barsana, the 'latthmaar holi' is famous. The men of Nandgao known as 'gops' raid Barsana and try to mark their victory over the temple of Radhika by furling flag over it while the women of Barsana try to fend them off with long bamboo sticks. The men are well padded because they cannot retaliate to the women and can only try to keep them off by sprinkling colored water on them. In case they get trapped, they are dressed as a lady in a sari and cosmetics are applied and they are made to dance like a lady. It is said that even Lord Krishna was made to dance like this by the 'gops' of Barsana. Next day, the same scene is repeated in Nandgao as men of Barsana raid the village to win over temple of Shriji and women of Nandgao beat them with sticks to keep them off. Holi songs known as 'Hori' are sung by the men and women and are mostly based on the dialogues exchanged between Krishna and Radhika.
Yamuna river flows through Vrindavan and Mathura. It is the most sacred river in India as it is so intimately connected with Krishna’s pastimes. Situated on the bank of the Yamuna is the Kesi Ghat, where Krishna killed the Kesi demon and saved His friends. One who bathes here gets the benediction of bathing in all of the holy places, can be purified of all sinful reactions and attain love of Godhead. This is also very famous bathing place in Vrindavan. An arati (prayer with offering of lamps) to Yamuna Devi is held here every day at sunset
GHATS ON YAMUNA RIVER
Vishram Ghat is a ghat, a bath and worship place, on the banks of river Yamuna in Mathura, India. It is the main ghat of Mathura and is central to 25 other ghats. The traditional parikrama starts and ends at Vishram Ghat. Lord Krishna is said to have rested at this place after killing Kansa.
One of Vrindavan's most opulent temples, was built by the Maharaja of Jaipur, Sawai Madhav, in 1917 after 30 years of labor. The fine hand-carved sandstone is of unparalleled workmanship, the huge pillars that hold up the roof are each carved from one solid rock, and the intricately fashioned marble on the altar is reminiscent of the Mughal period.
The Maharaja financed the railway line that connects Vrindavan with Mathura, just for the purpose of hauling the huge pieces of sandstone used in the temple construction. The Deities worshiped here are Sri Sri Radha-Madhava, Ananda-bihari and Hansa-gopala.
Kesi Ghat, Vrindavan is located on the banks of the river Yamuna. Visited by many tourists from far and wide, Vrindavan Kesi Ghat is amongst one of the foremost Monuments in Vrindavan.
Pani ghat, close to Pani gaanv (village) on the banks of Yamuna in Vrindavan, is a little off the Parikrama marg near Tatiya sthan. It is roughly behind Rangnathji temple. Visitors to Devraha Baba Ashram, cross the river here to reach the ashram. A boatride is standard transportation, though Brajwasis, especially boatmen can easily swim across.